The properties of these compounds depend upon the covalently bound alkyl teams , which may be highly numerous. Since QACs are positively charged cations, their mode of motion is expounded to their attraction to negatively charged supplies corresponding to bacterial proteins. It is usually accepted that the mode of motion is at the membrane perform. The carbon length of R-group facet chain is, typically, instantly associated with sanitizer activity in QACs. However, due to the decrease solubility in QACs composed of enormous carbon chains, these sanitizers may have lower activity than quick chain buildings. Its highly concentrated gases may be explosive and exposure risks to workers are larger than that for chlorine.

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