They moved for jobs, higher schooling for their youngsters and the chance to vote and take part in society. By 1960, the proportion of African Americans in the state had declined to 18%. Today, giant concentrations of black residents can be found in northern and central Florida. Aside from blacks descended from African slaves brought to the southern U.S., there are additionally giant numbers of blacks of West Indian, latest African, and Afro-Latino immigrant origins, particularly within the Miami/South Florida space. Florida has the largest West Indian population of any state, originating from many Caribbean countries, with Haitian Americans being the most numerous.

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